Phishing attempts are one of the most common threats to individuals and organizations. You need to know more about them to protect your confidential information. Phishing attacks typically take the form of emails, text messages, social media, pop-ups or websites designed to mimic a real person, system or company. Attackers create phishing emails to create a sense of excitement or panic with the ultimate goal of stealing confidential information from the end user. This can lead to fraudulent money transfers, links to malware and URLs that lead to websites containing malware.

What is Phishing?

Phishing is a cyber attack in which attackers send disguised emails or text messages with a suspicious link to their target. The purpose of the message is to create a sense of urgency and get the victim to click on the link. After clicking on the link, the victim is redirected to a new website that looks like the legitimate website of the victim’s bank or another organization where the victim conducts confidential activities. The target may also be forced to download the malware via a link.

Types of Phishing

There are many types of phishing techniques that hackers use to manipulate their prey. To recognize and avoid these scams, you need to be aware of them. Phishing emails are one of the most common phishing methods. Other basic phishing techniques include the following:

1. Fracture

As the name suggests, SMS phishing or smishing is done by sending personalized messages with suspicious links to mobile phones. The content of the SMS may be online:

  • You won a lottery ticket
  • Your bank needs important information
  • Your account has been compromised
  • A discount offer is proposed by one of the main brands

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Laughing Attack

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These messages attract many people who click on these links and end up becoming victims of these scams. Fishing is another form of phishing that works the same way as smiling, but with a phone call.

2. Harpoon fishing

Spear phishing is the hacking of emails or email communications that target a specific person, company or corporation. While often fraudulently designed to steal information, hackers may even attempt to install malware on targeted consumer devices.

3. Agriculture

Farming is a fraudulent activity where infected software is placed on a computer or website to lure people to fake websites without their knowledge or consent. Agriculture is commonly known as charmless fishing.

4. Whaling

Whaling is a highly targeted phishing attack, disguised as a valid email, aimed at top executives. Whaling is a social engineering scam that uses digital technology to get targets to perform certain actions, such as. B. to set up electronic funds transfers.

5. Exploration and research fishing

Search engine phishing occurs when a hacker manages to get the first position on Google or another search engine. The user may find offers or notifications that invite him/her to visit the website. The search process may be correct, but the site is fake and only works to get sensitive information from the user.

As it stands, you’ll be introduced to the most important phishing techniques. Now let’s see what the suspicious messages look like – with this information you can easily recognize them.


Causes of cybercrime and preventive measures
Browser safety guide

Means of detecting phishing scams

Here are the most common messages you may receive from phishers:

  • An email, text or phone call invites you to change or enter your personal information. If it appears to be coming from a bank or the IRS, it is particularly dubious.
  • The URL displayed in the email message and the URL displayed when you click the link are different.
  • The sender’s address in the email is an emulation of a valid address, especially of a company.
  • The layout and structure are different from what you normally get from a company. Maybe the logo appears in pixels, or the buttons have different colors. Or maybe there are weird spaces in paragraphs or extra spaces between sentences.
  • The email contains links from unknown sources that you did not expect.
  • The place is not safe. Suppose you click on the link in the email to enter your confidential information. Make sure the beginning of the URL and the padlock symbol indicate HTTPS instead of HTTP.

These are common signs that an email, text message or website you visit is fraudulent.

Means of preventing phishing attacks

Phishing attacks are among the most commonly used tools by hackers because of their simplicity and ease of use. They sometimes seem harmless, but can be extremely dangerous for individuals, websites and businesses. Discover the best methods of phishing prevention to protect yourself from these scammers.

1. Keep me informed

Knowing all the new and old phishing methods is one of the best ways to protect yourself from these scammers. If you are aware of all the fraudulent activities, it will be easy for you to spot the scam and protect yourself.

2. Click carefully

Do not click on links in emails or text messages you receive from unknown sources. The messages appear to come from legitimate organizations, but are actually part of a phishing attack. Also, avoid clicking on pop-ups or other links you see on different websites (even authentic ones).

3. Use firewalls and anti-virus software

There are two types of firewalls: a desktop firewall and a network firewall. It would be best if you use both to protect yourself from phishing scams. Antivirus software detects and blocks downloads of suspicious software from the internet, USB sticks, etc.

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Firewalls and antivirus software

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4. Confirmation of site security.

When you click on the link attached to an email, make sure it is secured with SSL certificates. A website protected by SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificates has a lock icon and the URL starts with HTTPS instead of unsecured HTTP.

HTTPS security

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If you own the site, you should activate SSL certificates on your site to increase security. If you run a website and have multiple top-level subdomains, you should use a wildcard SSL certificate that offers the same protection at a low cost. You can visit the SSL2BUY site where you will find all the trusted SSL certificates you can buy, perfect for your domain.

5. not to provide personal information.

The best way to protect sensitive information is to prevent it from being transmitted over the Internet. Your bank or other company will not ask you for such information by sending you emails. If you find such emails, block them immediately.


Phishing attacks have been around for a long time and there is no reason to believe that they will stop in the future – on the contrary, they are becoming increasingly sophisticated and widespread. Cybercriminals continue to try different phishing techniques to manipulate their targets. They try to get your attention and make you click on malicious links by creating a sense of urgency, or they ask you for information to prevent your bank account from being frozen. Follow this comprehensive guide to quickly detect and protect yourself from phishing attacks. Learn more about how to prevent cybercrime.

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